Dun Scotus

Human Freedom can only come when a person opens the mind and heart to God.

The perfect expression of this freedom is found in Jesus of the Christians. Jesus was perfectly free and completely in control of his human life because he was completely in common union with God.



Dun Scotus was a Christian theologian called the poet of the Incarnate Word and defender of the Virginal Conception of Jesus. The Creator God taking on human life was the greatest and most beautiful event in the whole history of humanity.

When Jesus was born in Bethlehem of Mary it was God carrying out a design. The design had begun at the creation of the world and continued with the creation of the human person and carried through by Israel and perfected in the personal life of Jesus of the Christians. Jesus is the fulfilment of the purpose of creation. "

Much of this commentary is based on the words spoken by his holiness Benedict the xvi. The key to the Pope's comments is his profound appreciation for the Christian contribution to Western European civilization and culture of such persons as Duns Scotus.

Benedict is a hero on a grand quest. To me, Benedict is an older gentleman, of relatively frail physical stature, who, nonetheless, is a giantic hero. It is because he is not afraid. It is because he will not allow his age or his relative frailty to stop him. It is because he forges forward in the face of ferociously fierce opposition.

Yes, a woman can jump the barricades of Saint Peter's and tackele him to the floor, but Benedict gets up and with great grace and enormous dignity he proceeds to the altar.

Yes, the secular world can taunt him with the perfidy of his priests and the imperfection of his organization, but His Holiness, graciously accepts the slap on the face and the stab into his side, while all the while moving forward.

Why does he do it? And why does he do it so well? It is because the Pope accepted the election of his peers to the seat of Peter. Tu est Petrus. You are Peter. And the Bishop of Rome accepts that his election is not for glory or honor or power but rather for service as the "servant of the servants of Christ."

And what is the source of his energy, of his perseverence, of his power? It is exactly what he speaks about in his address. It is Jesus incarnate of the Virgin Mary.

Benedict, as did his predecessor, understood that Jesus is physically present with His church today.

As the Christian Church faces its great challenge, the challenge of a resurgenct Islam and more significantly of a rampaging rapine secularism, Benedict understands himself and his Church as being called into the Arena for the purpose of testimony.

Like Polycarp and Justin and many others, Benedict understands that today the Christians are required to stand fast in the face of the desperate relentlessness of materialist, communist, socialist, facist atheism as it clashes and claws its final battle aginst the only thing in the way of its world donminated by secularist athetists.

Benedict understands, as he views the world from both the perch of the Vatican and the basement of the barrio, that the only force that stands between the victory of the vicious dogs of chaos and the peace that passes all imagination, a peace of God that is meant to be the heritage and inheritance of humankind....The only thing is Christ and His Church.

The Pope is uniquely able to be the Champion of Christ and His Church because "He is Peter." The Protestants may be dancing with their homosexuality partners; or having an affair with same sex marriages and gay bishops. But the Leader of the Roman Catholic church, while he is fending off the betrayal of his own pedaephile priests; he is holding the shield of faith against the ferocious assaults of secularism and he is thrusting forward with his defence of the One Holy Catholic Apostolic Church using the sword of the Spirit. This Pope, shod with the shoes of peace, is earnestly reaching out to the Christian Orthodox brethren of the Eastern Churches and sincerely asking for their help. He is trying to heal the artificial divide of Eastern and Western Christianity, thereby to present a united defense against the fierce and fiery arrows of the enemy that seeks the destruction of all Christians.

If a person wants to reach their full potential it requires union with Jesus.

If a person wants to make real the "divinity inside themselves" it can only be realized in union with Jesus,

If a person wants true happiness, contentment and the knowledge that their days of human life were worth something, this can only come through a union with Jesus.

Jesus in God who contained godness and incorporated it completely with humankind. He was the Christ. Recently speakingon this topic Pope Benedict XVI recalled that John was born in 1266 "probably in a village called Duns . He was drawn to Franciscan spirituality, in 1291 was ordained priest for the friars minor. He studied and taught in Paris, Oxford and Cambridge. When he was in France, where he returned in 1301, at the outbreak of the conflict between Philip the Fair and Boniface VII he sided with the Pope.

This episode "reminds us how many times in church history, Christians have faced hostility, and even suffered persecution because of their loyalty to Christ, the Church and the Pope."

"We all look with admiration to these Christians who teach us to cherish as precious, our faith in Christ and communion with Peter”.

Benedict continued, On the restoration of good relations between France and the papacy, he returned to Paris, from where his superiors sent him to teach in Cologne. There, one year later, he died in 1308, at only 43 years of age. "Because of his reputation for sanctity, his cult spread throughout the Franciscan order and in 1993 John Paul II beatified him, calling him the bard of the Incarnate Word...". Of the thought of Duns Scotus, Benedict XVI stressed in particular the theologians arguments on the Incarnation. He defined it as "entirely unreasonable" to argue that "the fall into sin was the cause of his coming." "The Son of God would have made himself man even if humanity had not sinned." His "surprising thought” is that the Incarnation was designed by the Father for eternity in his plan of love." It is the realisation of creation. " "The Incarnation is the greatest and most beautiful event of all of salvation history, originating in God’s idea to finally unite all creation to himself." "This strongly Christocentric theological vision opens to wonder, contemplation and gratitude." And repeating the words spoken by Paul VI in Manila, Benedict XVI said that "it reveals the invisible God, the foundation of everything, the Redeemer, the centre of world history, one who knows us and loves us, who is our life’s companion, I will never tire of talking of Him" In this respect, the Pope underlined "an important fact: theologians of value like Duns Scotus have enriched with their specific contribution to thinking what the people of God believed and manifested in acts of piety, in art, and genre, in Christian life", on the Immaculate Conception, thus also the Assumption. "So the people of God precede theologians, through sensus fidei, which calls us to embrace faith with a humility of heart". “In this sense the people of God is magisterium". "May theologians always to listen to this reality". Duns Scotus is also credited with the formulation of the doctrine on the Immaculate Conception, which exceeds objections according to which if Mary is considered free from sin original then the "the universality of the redemption accomplished by Christ” is denied, “as if Mary did not need to be redeemed”. Duns Scotus states - and the idea was affirmed by Pius IX in the dogma on the Immaculate Conception - the subject of "preventive redemption". The Immaculate Conception is the masterpiece of Redemption, because the power of his Redemption meant that Mary was completely free from sin".

The final aspect of the thought of Duns Scotus emphasized by Benedict XVI is the relationship between freedom and truth. "In man - he said - the same freedom should be freed from the limitations that come from sin." "Freedom has always been the dream of man", but "modern history as well as our everyday experience teaches us that freedom is real, and helps to build a truly human civilization, only when it is reconciled with the truth" . "If it is detached from the truth, freedom tragically becomes the start of the destruction of inner harmony of the human person, a source of prevarication of the most powerful and violent, and the cause of suffering and mourning". Indeed, "freedom grows and improves when man opens himself to God and listens to and accepts the divine revelation. Then we are reached by a message of light that fills our lives, and then we are truly free”.